Paper making and fiber liberation – Apparatus – Running or indefinite length product forming and/or treating...
C162S336000, C162S344000, C162S345000, C162S346000, C162S339000
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
The present application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. §119 of German Patent Application No. 199 26 804.5, filed on Jun. 12, 1999, the disclosure of which is expressly incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a headbox for machine, e.g., a paper or cardboard machine, having a plurality channels arranged in attached rows and columns and at least one lamella arranged between two rows, and a process for forming the same.
2. Discussion of Background Information
Headboxes with lamellae, similar to those discussed above, are generally known in the art. Viewed in the flow direction, these lamellae are arranged consecutively in channels generating turbulence.
Lamellae can be constructed as rigid formations that are designed to be articulated solely in their connection in the areas after the channels. Also, the lamellae to be flexible, which are rigidly clamped in the form of a cantilever between two rows of channels.
As long as the headbox is in operation, the lamellae are suspended in the suspension flow. However, if it is stopped, the free ends of the lamellae lean against the lower headbox wall, but stopping the headbox is also associated with a backflow of the suspension. This generates a suction effect on the lamellar surface, which results in a force that is very great due to the large surface of the lamella being impinged upon by negative pressure. This is considerably more dangerous for flexible lamellae than for rigid ones, because they are stressed especially greatly at their fixing points such that they can even break off.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention provides a headbox in which breaking of the flexible lamellae at the fixing points is substantially eliminated.
In particular, the headbox of the instant invention includes lamellar supports arranged after, with respect to a flow direction, the fixing point of the lamella.
The inventors of the instant invention recognized that the lamella had to be supported in the vicinity of its fixing point, but that there was a problem that the flow could not be obstructed by built-ins in the area of the headbox in which the lamellae are located.
Consequently, the present invention includes lamellar supports to be arranged in the areas of the bridges. These bridges are located between two columns of the channels. In terms of their width, the bridges are formed to adequately provide the required strength for the lamellar supports.
According to the invention, when viewed across a width of the paper machine, three lamellar supports can adequately support the lamella. For reasons of uniformity of flow of one row, it is recommended, however, for lamellar supports to be attached to all bridges.
So that the lamella is gradually conveyed from its fixing point towards its support line on the lower headbox wall, a curved shape can be advantageous for the lamellar support in the area of the lamellar bearing.
In addition, it is advantageous for reasons of symmetry related to flow technology if the section facing away from the lamellar support is provided with a substantially same curved shape
It is especially advantageous for the transition from the fixing point of the lamella to the lamellar support to occur without a change in direction. The subsequent section of the lamellar support then has an optionally progressive curvature. As a result, the lamella is completely supported in a first section.
If several lamellae are present in a headbox, they are arranged at different height levels. In this way, a higher lamella is stressed more greatly in terms of bending, because the free end of this lamella has to bend more greatly in order to reach the supporting lower headbox wall. Thus, different shapes of lamellar supports may be required, which could result in an increase in the diversity of parts and, therefore, in the costs for design, manufacturing, and storage. Further, the present invention can also utilize a uniform shape for the lamellar supports. In this regard, it is noted that the uniform shape of the lamellar support would have to be designed for the most unfavorable stress case.
In some applications, it can also be reasonable for almost exactly the optimal shape of a lamellar support to be selected for a row, which is the reason why the shape of lamellar supports that are situated higher has a greater curvature in this case than that of the lamellar supports that are situated lower.
Therefore, it is within the scope of the invention that both the same shapes of the lamellar supports can be used simultaneously in a headbox in different rows as well as different shapes in different rows.
A further aspect of the invention provides for the lamellar supports to be formed onto the bridges of the headbox while the channels are being manufactured. In this manner, expenses and costs can be reduced.
Further, it can be advantageous if the lamellar supports can be mounted. This advantage exists if headboxes are supposed to be, e.g., retrofitted with lamellar supports.
If lamellar supports are being used only to support the lamellae, then all bridges may not be provided with lamellar supports. In some situations, this can produce a non-uniform flow of the suspension. Therefore, it can also be advantageous for lamellar supports to be present on the bridges not only to support the lamellae but also to influence the flow.
An advantageous alternative embodiment of the headbox can further provide that, when viewed in a vertical direction, the lamellae in the fixing point are spaced a distance from the lamellar supports. It may be preferable for such a distance to be, e.g., approximately 2 mm. In this design, there is a region in which a tapering gap is formed between the lamella and the support in the beginning areas of the lamellar support.
It is understood that the characteristics of the invention mentioned above and to be explained below can be used not just in the combinations provided, but also in other combinations or alone without departing from the scope of the invention.
The present invention is directed to a headbox for a machine. The headbox includes a plurality of channels arranged in rows that extend across a width of the machine and in columns substantially perpendicular to the rows, at least one lamella positioned between adjacent rows, a fixing point for the at least one lamella, and lamellar supports positioned after the fixing point, relative to a headbox flow.
According to a feature of the invention, the machine may include one of a paper and a cardboard machine.
In accordance with another feature of the invention, the bridges may be located between adjacent rows. The lamellar supports may be arranged on the bridges. Further, the lamellar supports can be integrally formed on the bridges and/or the lamellar supports may be coupled to the bridges.
According to still another feature of the present invention, the lamellar supports may include at least three lamellar supports which are arranged across a width of the headbox.
Further, the lamellar supports may be curved in a section arranged to face the at least one lamella. The lamellar supports can have a same curvature in a section arranged to face away from the at least one lamella as in the section arranged to face the at least one lamella.
In accordance with a further feature of the instant invention, with respect to the headbox flow direction, the lamellar supports may completely support the at least one lamella in a first section located directly after the fixing point.
According to a still further feature of the invention, each of the lamellar supports may have a same curvature shape.
In accordance with still another feature of the present invention, the lamellar supports of a first row can have a greater curvature than the lamellar supports of a second row which is located underneath the first row.
Moreover, bridges can be located between adjacent rows, and the lamellar supports may be coupled to bridges on which the at least one lame
Greenblum & Bernstein P.L.C.
Griffin Steven P.
Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent GmbH
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