Radiation imagery chemistry: process – composition – or product th – Electric or magnetic imagery – e.g. – xerography,... – Post imaging process – finishing – or perfecting composition...
430137, G03G 9135
The invention is a positive charge director for liquid electrographic toners. The charge director comprises a very strongly chelating functional group covalently bonded in the resin coating or pigment component, or an intrinsic part of the pigment component, of the toner particle, and a very weakly associated, preferably ionic, molecule dispersed in the liquid phase to achieve charge separation. The strong chelation site on the resin is prepared, via well-known polymer chemistry. For the ionic molecule, preferred cations are those with no regulatory, health or environmental issues, such as K+, Na+, Ca.sup.2+, Al.sup.3+, Zn.sup.2+, Zr.sup.4+, Mg.sup.2+, ammonium (NH.sub.4 +), and organic cations.
The chelate-containing resin is brought into dispersion with the liquid phase containing the ionic molecule. When this is done, the equilibria that compete for the cation are such that it is released from the ionic molecule and bound in the chelate. The toner particle is left with a net positive charge which is permanent, but which is balanced by an equal, opposite charge on the counter anionic species in the continuous phase. Preferably, there are no other sources of charge in the dispersion, and there is no excess of charge carriers in the continuous phase which would interfere with development.
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Bearss James G.
Russell Dale D.
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