(Bi, Pb).sub.2, Sr.sub.2 Ca.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x superconducto

Superconductor technology: apparatus – material – process – Processes of producing or treating high temperature... – Process of making wire – tape – cable – coil – or fiber


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505433, 505450, 505739, C04B 35626, C04B 35645




A (BiPb).sub.2 Sr.sub.2 Ca.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x (Bi223) superconductor with high J.sub.c, phase purity, density and mechanical strength is formed from Bi2223 powder which is synthesized from a mixture of Bi.sub.2 O.sub.3, PbO, SrCO.sub.3, CaCo.sub.3 and CuO. The mixture is milled, then dried and calcined to synthesize the Bi2223 powder with the desired phase purity. The calcination is performed by heating the dried mixture for 50 hours at 840.degree. C. The partially synthesized powder is then milled for 1-4 hours before calcining further for another 50 hours at 855.degree. C. to complete the synthesis. After calcination, the Bi2223 powder is cold pressed to a predetermined density and sinter forged under controlled temperature and time to form a Bi2223 superconductor with the desired superconducting properties.

patent: 5189011 (1993-02-01), Itozaki et al.
patent: 5273956 (1993-12-01), Johnson et al.
Tampieri et al "Densification of Bi.sub.1.8 (Pb).sub..35 Sr.sub.1.9 Ca.sub.2.1 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x . . . " JJAP, Part 1 (1993) 32(10) pp. 4490-4495, (No Month).
Chen et al "Sinter-Forged (Bi, Pb).sub.2 Sr.sub.2 Ca.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x . . . " Supercond. Sci Technol. 6(1993) 674-677 (No Month).
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Che et al "Composition & Superconductivity in Bi--Sr--Ca--Cu--O . . . " Journal of Materials Science, vol. 24, May 1989, pp. 1725-1728.
Lusk et al "High Pressure Studies of the Superconducting Transition in (Bi,Pb).sub.2 Sr.sub.2 Ca.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.10 " Aust. J. Phys, vol. 42, #4, 1989 pp. 425-429.
Robinson et al "Sinter-Forged YB.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.7-8 " Ad. Cer. Materials, vol. 2, #3B, Special Issue Jul.,1987, pp. 380-388.
Yamada et al "Pb Introduction to the High-Tc Superconductor . . . " J.J.A.P. vol. 27, No. 6, Jun. 1988 pp. 1996-1998.
Jin et al "High-Tc Superconductors-composite wire fabrication" Appl. Phys. Lett. Vol. 51(3) Jul. 1987 pp. 203-204.


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