(1S,2S)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(4- hydroxy-4-phenylipiperidin-1-y

Drug – bio-affecting and body treating compositions – Designated organic active ingredient containing – Having -c- – wherein x is chalcogen – bonded directly to...

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546217, A01N 4340

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active

06008233&

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BRIEF SUMMARY
This invention relates to the novel and clinically advantageous trihydrate of the methanesulfonate salt of (1S,2S)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(4-hydroxy-4-phenylpiperidin-1-yl)-1-propano l (hereinafter referred to as "the mesylate salt trihydrate"). This mesylate salt trihydrate, as well as the corresponding anhydrous mesylate salt and free base of (1S,2S)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(4-hydroxy-4-phenylpiperidin-1-yl)-1-propano l (hereinafter referred to, respectively, as "the anhydrous mesylate" and "the free base") exhibit activity as NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartic acid) receptor antagonists and are useful in the treatment of epilepsy, anxiety, cerebral ischemia, muscular spasms, multiinfarct dementia, traumatic brain injury, pain, AIDS related dementia, hypoglycemia, migraine, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, drug and alcohol addiction, drug and alcohol withdrawal symptoms, psychotic conditions, urinary incontinence and degenerative CNS (central nervous system) disorders such as stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease.
The free base, the anhydrous mesylate and methods of preparing them are referred to, generically, in U.S. Pat. No. 5,185,343, which issued on Feb. 9, 1993. They and their use in treating certain of the above disorders are referred to, specifically, in U.S. Pat. No. 5,272,160, which issued on Dec. 21, 1993. Their use in treating the above disorders is referred to in International Patent Application PCT/IB 95/00380, which designates the United States and was filed on May 18, 1995. Their use in combination with a compound capable of enhancing and thus restoring the balance of excitatory feedback from the ventral lateral nucleus of the thalamus into the cortex to treat Parkinson's disease is referred to in International Patent Application PCT/IB 95/00398, which designates the United States and was filed on May 26, 1995. The foregoing U.S. patents and patent applications are incorporated herein by reference in their entireties.
NMDA is an excitatory amino acid. The excitatory amino acids are an important group of neurotransmitters that mediate excitatory neurotransmission in the central nervous system. Glutamic acid and aspartic acid are two endogenous ligands that activate excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptors. There are two types of EAA receptors, ionotropic and metabotropic, which differ in their mode of signal transduction. There are at least three distinct ionotropic EAA receptors characterized by the selective agonist that activates each type: the NMDA, the AMPA (2-amino-3-(5-methyl-3-hdyroxyisoxazol-4-yl)propanoic acid) and the kainic acid receptors. The ionotropic EAA receptors are linked to ion channels that are permeable to sodium and, in the case of NMDA receptors, calcium. Metabotropic receptors, linked to phosphoinositide hydrolysis by a membrane associated G-protein, are activated by quisqualic acid, ibotenic acid, and (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane 1,3-dicarboxylic acid.
The NMDA receptor is a macromolecular complex consisting of a number of distinct binding sites that gate on ion channels permeable to sodium and calcium ions. Hansen and Krogsgaard-Larson, Med. Res. Rev., 10, 55-94 (1990). There are binding sites for glutamic acid, glycine, and polyamines, and a site inside the ion channel where compounds such as phencyclidine (PCP) exert their antagonist effects.
Competitive NMDA antagonists are compounds that block the NMDA receptor by interacting with the glutamate binding site. The ability of a particular compound to competitively bind to the NMDA glutamate receptor may be determined using a radioligand binding assay, as described by Murphy et al., British J. Pharmacol., 95, 932-938 (1988). The antagonists may be distinguished from the agonists using a rat cortical wedge assay, as described by Harrison and Simmonds, British J. Pharmacol., 84, 381-391 (1984). Examples of competitive NMDA antagonists include D-2 amino 5-phosphonopentanoic acid (D-AP5), and D2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid, Schoepp et al., J. Neur. Transm., 85, 131-143 (1991).
This invention also

REFERENCES:
patent: 5185343 (1993-02-01), Chenard
patent: 5272160 (1993-12-01), Chenard

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