Method and apparatus for determining CO.sub.2 minimum miscibilit

Measuring and testing – Gas content of a liquid or a solid – By vibration

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73 611R, G01N 3326

Patent

active

044558600

ABSTRACT:
A method for determining the CO.sub.2 minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) is disclosed which comprises filling a coiled capillary tube with oil at a predetermined temperature T.sub.1 and an initial predetermined pressure P.sub.1 less than the CO.sub.2 MMP. Carbon dioxide is injected into the capillary tube at a fixed flow rate F.sub.1 to displace the oil while maintaining the temperature of the oil at T.sub.1 and the pressure at P.sub.1. The pressure drop across the capillary tube and the volume of carbon dioxide injected is constantly measured. The pressure difference versus volume of carbon dioxide injected data is plotted and the pressure drop .DELTA.P.sub.1 at the point of inflection where the second derivative goes from a negative value to a positive value is determined graphically. The previous steps are repeated while maintaining T.sub.1 and F.sub.1 constant at a different pressure P.sub.2 less than the CO.sub.2 MMP and .DELTA.P.sub.2 at the inflection point of pressure versus volume of CO.sub.2 injected is determined. Additional CO.sub.2 displacement tests are conducted at the same temperature T.sub.1 and CO.sub.2 flow rate F.sub.1 at various pressure levels (at least two) above the CO.sub.2 MMP. The pressure drop at each pressure P.sub.3 and P.sub.4 above the CO.sub.2 MMP is plotted versus the volume of carbon dioxide injected. The pressure drop .DELTA.P.sub.3 and .DELTA.P.sub.4 at the point of inflection as previously defined is determined for the corresponding pressure P.sub.3 and P.sub.4. The corresponding pressure drop at the inflection point obtained for the pressure values below MMP and the pressure drop at the inflection point obtained for the pressure values above MMP minus the pressure drop for CO.sub.2 under the same test conditions as calculated by the Hagen-Poiseuille equation are plotted as a linear function of test pressure. The CO.sub.2 MMP is determined graphically as the pressure at the point where the two lines defining miscible and immiscible displacement intersect.

REFERENCES:
patent: 3921439 (1975-11-01), Burns
patent: 3924448 (1975-12-01), Howard
patent: 4117727 (1978-10-01), Friswell
patent: 4236404 (1980-12-01), Ketchum
patent: 4401575 (1983-08-01), Stewart
patent: 4403500 (1983-09-01), LeBaud

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