Surgery – Diagnostic testing – Detecting nuclear – electromagnetic – or ultrasonic radiation
424 93, A61B 5055
New methods for rapid, noninvasive determination of sodium ion in vivo are described. The methods are useful for assessing liver and other organ injury based on a nuclear magnetic resonance determination of intracellular and extracellular sodium in the damaged tissue. A shift reagent, TmDOTP.sup.5-, is used in vivo to produce baseline resolved peaks of .sup.23 Na. Excellent results are achieved with significantly less TmDOTP.sup.5- than with other conventional .sup.23 Na shift reagents such as DyTTHA.sup.3-. In contrast to use in isolated perfused heart tissue, TmDOTP.sup.5- solutions are employed in vivo without added calcium ion. The method has been applied to animal burn models. Results show that intracellular sodium ion levels are dramatically increased, thus providing a rapid assessment of liver function. Similar methods may be applied to the determination of intra- and extracellular potassium ion.
patent: 5303705 (1994-04-01), Nenov
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Malloy Craig R.
Sherry A. Dean
Board of Regents , The University of Texas System
Smith Ruth S.
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