Apparatus for carrying out a chemical or physical process

Chemistry: electrical current producing apparatus – product – and – Having magnetic field feature


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429 39, H01M 802, H01M 804




This invention is essentially an improved means for contacting solids, liquids, and gases at elevated pressures and at desired temperatures, for providing inherently stable pressures, for conserving the heat of chemical reactions, and for minimizing the power requirement for pumping liquids continuously through a high pressure zone. The invention is particularly useful for processes utilizing physical, chemical, and/or thermal treatment, under elevated pressures, of continuously flowing streams of large volume which may contain suspended solids.
The invention is based on the realization that deep boreholes, suitably lined, can be utilized as a particularly efficient apparatus for physical, chemical, and/or thermal processes. The hydrostatic pressures created when the boreholes are filled with liquids or fluidized solids are of sufficient magnitude to promote a great many useful chemical reactions, and there are many other advantages, as partially noted later, that appear in a unique combination when deep boreholes are regarded as an item of process apparatus, rather than as a means of access to water, petroleum, or mineral ores.
The following processes are illustrative of the embodiments of this invention:

patent: 2384463 (1945-09-01), Gunn et al.
patent: 3288648 (1966-11-01), Jones
patent: 3433675 (1969-03-01), Moullon
patent: 3525643 (1970-08-01), Spahrbier et al.
patent: 3531326 (1971-09-01), Stankovich
patent: 3706602 (1972-12-01), Miller


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